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The best treatment for most emergencies is prevention.

Most trauma cases and toxin exposures can be avoided. However, if your pet is injured, sick, or exposed to a toxin it is important to see your veterinarian as soon as possible. Most sick animals will respond better if diagnosed early and treated aggressively. If you are unsure if your pet is sick, it is better to be cautious and have him or her examined.


Know where your pet is at all times.

Pets should be in an enclosed yard. A fence keeps your pet safe by keeping them in and other animals out. If it is not practical to fence your yard, an invisible fence is an effective way to keep pets from wandering. Cats, if they must be outdoors, should be discouraged from wandering off the property. When you take your pet off your property it should be on a leash at all times.


Be aware of all potential toxins in your house and on your property. 

Most common rat and mouse poisons as well as slug and snail bait are extremely toxic to small animals and often fatal if not treated immediately. Read the labels and if there is any question call the manufacturer. If you know your pet has ingested a toxin immediately call your veterinarian. You should have the label of the product with the active ingredients. If your veterinarian is not available, call the manufacturer toll-free number on the label. Although it most cases it is advisable to induce vomiting, it some cases it may be contraindicated. It is important to consult with your veterinarian.


Fighting between animals can cause serious injury. 

Even a small puncture wound on the skin can be hiding a much larger wound. If you witness a dog or cat fight do not try to get between them. Owners can be severely injured. Bring your pet to your veterinarian as soon as possible. If that is not possible, keep the wounds clean and apply warm compresses until your veterinarian is consulted.


Control excessive bleeding. 

If your pet is bleeding excessively try to apply as much direct pressure as possible. If the wound is in an area that can be bandaged, apply a wrap-type bandage firmly. If you do not have bandage material some cloth and any type of tape (duck tape) will help. The pet should then be assessed by a veterinarian as soon as possible.


Take your time. 

Once you have your pet in the car take your time. Don’t let one accident turn into two.


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